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兰州毒水是如何炼成的?

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年02月19日 10:36:25
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新宝娱乐2登陆平台信誉平台官方,招龙虎和代理注册实力诚招代理Q扣992.77.339时时彩龙虎和,意彩彩票代理,意彩官网,意彩平台注册,意彩乐官网,意彩娱乐官方网站兰州毒水是如何炼成的?

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(  事)(实)(上)(,300万)(兰)(州)(市)(民)(被)(含)(苯)(毒)(水)(威)(胁)(了)(近)(30年)(,这)(并)(非)(个)(案)(,而)(是)(当)(下)(中)(国)(城)(市)(面)(临)(环)(境)(风)(险)(的)(一)(个)(缩)(影)(。
  我)(们)(不)(是)(兰)(州)(人)(,难)(道)(我)(们)(就)(是)(安)(全)(的)(吗)(?是)(时)(候)(关)(心)(你)(所)(在)(城)(市)(的)(环)(境)(问)(题)(了)(。
  文)(/吴)(恒)((作)(者)(系)(掷)(出)(窗)(外)(网)(创)(始)(人)(、历)(史)(地)(理)(学)(硕)(士)(、流)(言)(研)(究)(中)(心)(创)(始)(人)()
  一)(、兰)(州)(毒)(水)(是)(如)(何)(炼)(成)(的)(?
  至)(少)(喝)(了)(18个)(小)(时)(的)(有)(毒)(自)(来)(水)(后)(,兰)(州)(市)(民)(才)(陆)(续)(接)(到)(通)(知)(:自)(来)(水)(苯)(指)(标)(超)(标)(,不)(宜)(饮)(用)(。
  4月)(10日)(17时)(,为)(兰)(州)(300万)(市)(民)(提)(供)(自)(来)(水)(的)(兰)(州)(威)(立)(雅)(水)(务)(集)(团)(公)(司)(在)(其)(第)(二)(水)(厂)(的)(出)(水)(口)(检)(测)(到)(苯)(严)(重)(超)(标)(:当)(时)(的)(检)(测)(值)(是)(118微)(克)(/升)((国)(家)(标)(准)(是)(10微)(克)(/升)(),同)(时)(在)(4号)(自)(流)(沟)(通)(往)(第)(二)(水)(厂)(的)(入)(水)(口)(也)(发)(现)(苯)(超)(标)(。苯)(是)(一)(种)(常)(见)(的)(石)(油)(化)(工)(原)(料)(,无)(色)(、有)(芳)(香)(气)(味)(,可)(造)(成)(急)(性)(和)(慢)(性)(中)(毒)(,对)(皮)(肤)(有)(刺)(激)(作)(用)(,能)(诱)(发)(染)(色)(体)(畸)(变)(,属)(于)(致)(癌)(物)(质)(。
  发)(现)(异)(常)(后)(,威)(立)(雅)(公)(司)(又)(进)(行)(了)(3次)(复)(检)(。4月)(11日)(凌)(晨)(5时)(,威)(立)(雅)(公)(司)(将)(检)(测)(结)(果)(上)(报)(兰)(州)(政)(府)(。8时)(,兰)(州)(市)(委)(书)(记)(虞)(海)(燕)(抵)(达)(威)(立)(雅)(公)(司)(。11时)(,威)(立)(雅)(公)(司)(关)(闭)(阀)(门)(,切)(断)(4号)(自)(流)(沟)(的)(水)(。12时)(,新)(华)(社)(发)(布)(消)(息)(《兰)(州)(自)(来)(水)(苯)(含)(量)(严)(重)(超)(标)(,出)(厂)(水)(苯)(含)(量)(高)(达)(200微)(克)(/升)(》。16时)(,兰)(州)(市)(人)(民)(政)(府)(新)(闻)(办)(官)(方)(微)(博)(@兰)(州)(发)(布)(微)(博)(称)(:"自)(来)(水)(苯)(指)(标)(超)(标)(未)(来)(24小)(时)(居)(民)(不)(宜)(饮)(用)(自)(来)(水)("。
  从)(最)(早)(发)(现)(苯)(超)(标)(的)(4月)(10日)(17时)(,到)(关)(闭)(污)(染)(水)(来)(源)(的)(4月)(11日)(11时)(,兰)(州)(市)(民)(至)(少)(使)(用)(了)(18个)(小)(时)(的)(有)(毒)(自)(来)(水)(,至)(于)(苯)(超)(标)(是)(不)(是)(发)(生)(在)(更)(早)(之)(前)(,那)(就)(只)(有)(天)(知)(道)(了)(。值)(得)(一)(提)(的)(是)(,早)(在)(今)(年)(3月)(,网)(上)(就)(曝)(出)(兰)(州)(多)(处)(自)(来)(水)(有)(异)(味)(,但)(当)(时)(供)(水)(企)(业)(坚)(持)(认)(为)(自)(来)(水)(符)(合)(安)(全)(饮)(用)(标)(准)(,官)(方)(的)(态)(度)(也)(很)(坚)(决)(:"兰)(州)(市)(政)(府)(表)(示)(已)(对)(无)(中)(生)(有)(、造)(谣)(的)(相)(关)(人)(员)(进)(行)(了)(查)(处)(。"
  自)(来)(水)(里)(面)(怎)(么)(会)(有)(苯)(呢)(?根)(据)(事)(故)(调)(查)(组)(最)(新)(的)(调)(查)(结)(果)(,苯)(来)(自)(自)(流)(沟)(周)(边)(地)(下)(的)(含)(油)(污)(水)(,污)(水)(透)(过)(缝)(隙)(渗)(入)(了)(输)(水)(管)(道)(,污)(染)(了)(水)(源)(。那)(这)(些)(含)(油)(污)(水)(又)(是)(从)(哪)(里)(来)(的)(呢)(?也)(许)(听)(起)(来)(有)(些)(不)(可)(思)(议)(,这)(些)(污)(水)(已)(经)(存)(在)(了)(近)(30年)(:1987年)(12月)(,兰)(州)(石)(化)(的)(一)(个)(渣)(油)(罐)(发)(生)(破)(裂)(事)(故)(,地)(点)(就)(在)(附)(近)(,虽)(然)(经)(过)(清)(理)(,但)(仍)(有)(34吨)(渣)(油)(渗)(入)(了)(地)(下)(。2002年)(4月)(,兰)(州)(石)(化)(又)(发)(生)(一)(次)(泄)(漏)(,又)(有)(大)(量)(污)(水)(渗)(入)(地)(下)(。这)(样)(看)(来)(,过)(去)(30年)(,兰)(州)(市)(民)(头)(上)(一)(直)(悬)(着)(把)(达)(摩)(克)(利)(斯)(之)(剑)(。
  自)(来)(水)(厂)(的)(管)(道)(正)(好)(经)(过)(这)(片)(被)(渣)(油)(污)(染)(过)(的)(区)(域)(,如)(果)(水)(管)(的)(密)(封)(性)(能)(好)(,本)(也)(没)(事)(,但)(问)(题)(在)(于)(自)(来)(水)(厂)(的)(管)(道)(年)(久)(失)(修)(,时)(常)(发)(生)(渗)(漏)(事)(故)(。兰)(州)(自)(来)(水)(厂)(始)(建)(于)(1955年)(,自)(流)(沟)(就)(是)(这)(个)(时)(候)(修)(建)(的)(,如)(今)(使)(用)(已)(超)(过)(60年)(。自)(流)(沟)(是)(水)(泥)(建)(筑)(,水)(泥)(板)(的)(连)(接)(处)(有)(缝)(隙)(,本)(来)(是)(有)(填)(充)(物)(的)(。这)(次)(之)(所)(以)(发)(生)(事)(故)(被)(认)(为)(是)(油)(污)(腐)(蚀)(、渗)(入)(缝)(隙)(所)(致)(。
  总)(的)(来)(看)(,这)(次)(事)(故)(之)(所)(以)(发)(生)(,是)(因)(为)(没)(妥)(善)(处)(理)(的)(兰)(州)(石)(化)(污)(染)(遗)(留)(物)(碰)(上)(了)(没)(妥)(善)(维)(护)(的)(兰)(州)(自)(来)(水)(厂)(水)(管)(,化)(工)(厂)(、水)(厂)(双)(双)(失)(守)(,最)(后)(只)(能)(兰)(州)(市)(民)(的)(胃)(来)(买)(单)(了)(。而)(滞)(后)(的)(危)(机)(处)(理)(机)(制)(,使)(得)(兰)(州)(市)(民)(白)(白)(多)(喝)(了)(18个)(小)(时)(的)(毒)(水)(。
  二)(、今)(天)(,我)(们)(都)(是)(兰)(州)(人)(
  300万)(兰)(州)(市)(民)(被)(含)(苯)(毒)(水)(威)(胁)(了)(近)(30年)(,这)(并)(非)(个)(案)(,而)(是)(当)(下)(中)(国)(城)(市)(面)(临)(环)(境)(风)(险)(的)(一)(个)(缩)(影)(。我)(们)(不)(是)(兰)(州)(人)(,难)(道)(我)(们)(就)(是)(安)(全)(的)(吗)(?
  这)(次)(兰)(州)(出)(事)(,很)(重)(要)(的)(一)(个)(原)(因)(是)(化)(工)(厂)(与)(水)(厂)(相)(隔)(太)(近)(,这)(导)(致)(化)(工)(厂)(泄)(露)(的)(有)(毒)(物)(质)(极)(容)(易)(污)(染)(水)(源)(。一)(定)(程)(度)(上)(,这)(是)(一)(个)(历)(史)(遗)(留)(问)(题)(:兰)(州)(自)(来)(水)(厂)(是)(在)(国)(家)("一)(五)("计)(划)(时)(投)(资)(建)(设)(的)(,当)(时)(城)(市)(规)(划)(者)(还)(没)(有)(特)(别)(高)(的)(环)(保)(意)(识)(,其)(城)(市)(建)(设)(思)(路)(是)(:"一)(水)(二)(电)(三)(化)(工)("。水)(厂)(、电)(厂)(、化)(工)(厂)(几)(乎)(同)(时)(修)(建)(,且)(相)(距)(不)(远)(,地)(下)(管)(道)(错)(综)(复)(杂)(,这)(便)(埋)(下)(了)(长)(达)(半)(个)(多)(世)(纪)(的)(隐)(患)(。
  类)(似)(的)(情)(况)(不)(止)(在)(兰)(州)(,2006年)(,原)(国)(家)(环)(保)(总)(局)(曾)(组)(织)(力)(量)(对)(全)(国)(化)(工)(石)(化)(项)(目)(进)(行)(过)(环)(境)(风)(险)(大)(排)(查)(。结)(果)(显)(示)(,被)(排)(查)(的)(7555个)(项)(目)(,81%位)(于)(江)(河)(水)(域)(、人)(口)(密)(集)(区)(等)(环)(境)(敏)(感)(区)(域)(,45%为)(重)(大)(危)(险)(源)(,有)(巨)(大)(的)(环)(境)(与)(安)(全)(风)(险)(而)(防)(范)(机)(制)(又)(存)(在)(明)(显)(缺)(陷)(。这)(些)(项)(目)(还)(只)(是)(局)(限)(在)(2003年)(9月)(1日)(之)(后)(批)(复)(的)(,可)(以)(想)(见)(,之)(前)(修)(建)(的)(化)(工)(厂)(风)(险)(会)(更)(大)(。
  与)(水)(厂)(隔)(得)(近)(的)(化)(工)(厂)(如)(果)(出)(事)(,会)(影)(响)(一)(个)(城)(市)(的)(安)(危)(,与)(居)(民)(区)(隔)(得)(近)(的)(化)(工)(厂)(如)(果)(出)(事)(,虽)(然)(影)(响)(没)(有)(那)(么)(大)(,但)(也)(足)(够)(让)(人)(提)(心)(吊)(胆)(了)(。能)(与)(居)(民)(区)(隔)(的)(多)(近)(?一)(位)(前)(中)(石)(化)(高)(管)(在)(接)(受)(南)(周)(采)(访)(时)(这)(样)(说)(道)(:"南)(京)(金)(陵)(石)(化)(距)(最)(近)(居)(民)(区)(约)(200米)(;青)(岛)(丽)(东)(化)(工)(与)(最)(近)(居)(民)(区)(约)(600米)(;宁)(波)(镇)(海)(炼)(化)(,两)(万)(多)(人)(口)(的)(生)(活)(区)(就)(在)(二)(三)(百)(米)(外)(……"
  2010年)(1月)(7日)(,兰)(州)(石)(化)(曾)(发)(生)(过)(一)(次)(燃)(烧)(爆)(炸)(事)(故)(,爆)(炸)(点)(距)(离)(最)(近)(的)(居)(民)(区)(仅)(500米)(,小)(区)(里)(多)(户)(居)(民)(家)(的)(窗)(户)(被)(震)(碎)(,还)(有)(居)(民)(称)("当)(时)(在)(沙)(发)(上)(坐)(着)(,突)(然)(猛)(的)(被)(摔)(倒)(在)(地)(上)("。此)(外)(,爆)(炸)(点)(50米)(左)(右)(还)(有)(一)(家)(大)(型)(水)(厂)(,如)(果)(爆)(炸)(泄)(漏)(了)(大)(量)(有)(毒)(有)(害)(的)(污)(染)(物)(,后)(果)(不)(堪)(设)(想)(。
  2013年)(11月)(22日)(,位)(于)(山)(东)(青)(岛)(黄)(岛)(区)(的)(中)(石)(化)(东)(黄)(石)(油)(管)(道)(发)(生)(破)(裂)(,该)(段)(管)(道)(位)(于)(居)(民)(区)(,原)(油)(泄)(漏)(至)(路)(面)(,后)(渗)(入)(市)(政)(管)(道)(发)(生)(燃)(爆)(。爆)(炸)(威)(力)(巨)(大)(,路)(面)(遭)(严)(重)(破)(坏)(,产)(生)(大)(量)(裂)(缝)(,最)(长)(一)(条)(约)(有)(1.5千)(米)(,周)(围)(不)(少)(房)(屋)(也)(被)(损)(害)(,事)(故)(共)(造)(成)(62人)(死)(亡)(,教)(训)(不)(可)(谓)(不)(惨)(痛)(。更)(令)(人)(痛)(惜)(的)(是)(,早)(在)(2011年)(与)(2012年)(,中)(石)(化)(就)(曾)(两)(次)(发)(布)(过)("东)(黄)((复)()线)("隐)(患)(整)(治)(工)(程)(的)(环)(境)(信)(息)(公)(告)(,只)(是)(直)(到)(事)(故)(发)(生)(,整)(治)(工)(程)(都)(尚)(未)(动)(工)(。
  需)(要)(说)(明)(的)(是)(,化)(工)(厂)(与)(居)(民)(区)(相)(隔)(太)(近)(并)(非)(全)(是)(化)(工)(厂)(的)(错)(。资)(料)(显)(示)(,不)(少)(情)(况)(是)(化)(工)(厂)(、化)(工)(管)(道)(修)(建)(在)(前)(,之)(后)(随)(着)(城)(市)(的)(发)(展)(,居)(民)(区)(再)(渐)(渐)(逼)(近)(。这)(样)(不)(仅)(风)(险)(更)(大)(,还)(会)(造)(成)(恶)(性)(循)(环)(:如)(果)(化)(工)(管)(道)(附)(近)(有)(居)(民)(区)(,便)(容)(易)(与)(市)(政)(管)(道)(交)(叉)(或)(被)(占)(压)(,导)(致)(维)(护)(变)(得)(困)(难)(。
  不)(管)(原)(因)(如)(何)(,当)(下)(的)(既)(定)(事)(实)(是)(:在)(相)(当)(多)(的)(城)(市)(,化)(工)(厂)(与)(水)(厂)(、居)(民)(区)(相)(隔)(太)(近)(。也)(许)(你)(家)(门)(口)(的)(那)(条)(路)(下)(,就)(有)(原)(油)(输)(送)(管)(道)(,也)(许)(黄)(岛)(、兰)(州)(的)(事)(故)(与)(你)(的)(距)(离)(没)(有)(想)(象)(中)(的)(那)(么)(遥)(远)(。
  三)(、我)(们)(为)(什)(么)(会)(担)(心)(PX项)(目)(?
  "PX低)(毒)("的)(概)(念)(正)(在)(被)(越)(来)(越)(多)(的)(人)(所)(接)(受)(,但)(尴)(尬)(的)(是)(,针)(对)(PX项)(目)(的)(邻)(避)(运)(动)(却)(不)(见)(减)(少)(。这)(是)(为)(什)(么)(呢)(?或)(许)(从)(兰)(州)(自)(来)(水)(污)(染)(事)(件)(中)(可)(以)(找)(到)(一)(些)(线)(索)(。
  在)(抵)(制)(PX项)(目)(的)(民)(众)(中)(,不)(排)(除)(有)(不)(明)(真)(相)(的)(群)(众)(误)(以)(为)(PX是)(剧)(毒)(物)(质)(,但)(除)(此)(之)(外)(,相)(当)(一)(部)(分)(民)(众)(并)(不)(是)(担)(心)(PX本)(身)(,而)(是)(担)(心)(PX生)(产)(过)(程)(中)(会)(出)(现)(的)(有)(毒)(有)(害)(物)(质)(,更)(担)(心)(生)(产)(PX、管)(理)(PX项)(目)(的)(人)(。这)(些)(民)(众)(担)(心)(操)(作)(人)(员)(会)(不)(会)(玩)(忽)(职)(守)(,造)(成)(有)(毒)(物)(质)(泄)(漏)(;担)(心)(出)(现)(事)(故)(后)(管)(理)(人)(员)(会)(不)(会)(隐)(瞒)(不)(报)(或)(延)(报)(,以)(致)(酿)(成)(大)(祸)(。
  为)(什)(么)(民)(众)(会)(有)(这)(样)(的)(担)(心)(?因)(为)(现)(实)(总)(在)(给)(民)(众)(上)(课)(。以)(兰)(州)(石)(化)(为)(例)(,其)(生)(产)(出)(来)(的)(产)(品)(应)(该)(不)(少)(是)(低)(毒)(或)(者)(无)(毒)(的)(,但)(就)(是)(在)(生)(产)(过)(程)(中)(,因)(为)(操)(作)(失)(误)(,导)(致)(原)(料)(或)(废)(料)(爆)(炸)(或)(泄)(漏)(,污)(染)(了)(附)(近)(的)(土)(壤)(或)(水)(源)(,危)(害)(了)(民)(众)(的)(健)(康)(。而)(出)(事)(之)(后)(,隔)(了)(18个)(小)(时)(才)(通)(知)(民)(众)(,虽)(然)(兰)(州)(政)(府)(事)(后)(一)(再)(表)(态)(,此)(次)(处)(理)(过)(程)(没)(有)(隐)(瞒)(、拖)(延)(,即)(便)(真)(的)(如)(此)(,这)(样)(的)(效)(率)(实)(在)(不)(敢)(恭)(维)(,也)(难)(怪)(民)(众)(不)(放)(心)(。
  汽)(油)(是)(石)(化)(厂)(的)(主)(要)(产)(品)(之)(一)(,从)(毒)(理)(学)(上)(讲)(,汽)(油)(也)(属)(于)(低)(毒)(类)(。不)(知)(道)(这)(次)(事)(故)(之)(后)(,某)(大)(学)(化)(工)(系)(的)(同)(学)(是)(不)(是)(准)(备)("誓)(死)(守)(卫)("汽)(油)(的)(词)(条)(。保)(持)(词)(条)(的)(正)(确)(性)(确)(实)(值)(得)(赞)(扬)(,但)(也)(用)(不)(着)(自)(我)(感)(动)(,毕)(竟)(坐)(在)(电)(脑)(前)(连)(夜)(敲)(键)(盘)(与)(喝)(18个)(小)(时)(苯)(含)(量)(超)(标)(自)(来)(水)(相)(比)(,似)(乎)(没)(那)(么)(悲)(壮)(。
  民)(众)(不)(是)(不)(讲)(道)(理)(,但)(如)(果)(举)(的)(例)(子)(太)(不)(切)(实)(际)(,就)(不)(要)(怪)(民)(众)(不)(接)(受)(。有)(一)(些)(专)(家)(为)(PX项)(目)(的)(安)(全)(性)(背)(书)(,称)(日)(本)(的)(PX工)(厂)(就)(建)(在)(居)(民)(区)(旁)(,新)(加)(坡)(的)(化)(工)(厂)(与)(居)(民)(区)(只)(有)(50米)(等)(等)(。这)(也)(许)(是)(事)(实)(,可)(是)(如)(果)(不)(谈)(日)(本)(、新)(加)(坡)(乃)(至)(美)(国)(、欧)(盟)(这)(些)(发)(达)(国)(家)(完)(善)(的)(监)(管)(、危)(机)(处)(理)(以)(及)(追)(责)(机)(制)(,只)(说)(结)(果)(,这)(不)(是)(耍)(流)(氓)(吗)(?
  反)(过)(来)(想)(,PX项)(目)(以)(及)(其)(他)(的)(石)(化)(工)(厂)(,与)(国)(民)(经)(济)(息)(息)(相)(关)(,肯)(定)(是)(要)(发)(展)(的)(。但)(在)(发)(展)(经)(济)(的)(同)(时)(,不)(能)(以)(牺)(牲)(环)(境)(或)(民)(众)(的)(安)(全)(为)(代)(价)(,不)(然)(钱)(是)(有)(了)(,人)(却)(没)(了)(,这)(怎)(么)(行)(?推)(广)(PX项)(目)(,光)(靠)(科)(普)(并)(不)(够)(,更)(应)(该)(靠)(企)(业)(与)(监)(管)(部)(门)(的)(公)(信)(力)(和)(完)(善)(的)(制)(度)(,这)(不)(是)(一)(朝)(一)(夕)(的)(事)(。
  在)(中)(国)(,担)(心)(环)(境)(问)(题)(的)(普)(通)(民)(众)(不)(是)(太)(多)(,而)(是)(太)(少)(。虽)(然)(面)(对)(PX项)(目)(时)(,人)(们)(总)(很)(容)(易)(激)(动)(,但)(多)(数)(情)(况)(下)(,他)(们)(对)(发)(生)(在)(身)(边)(的)(潜)(在)(威)(胁)(并)(不)(十)(分)(上)(心)(,比)(如)(路)(面)(下)(的)(输)(油)(管)(道)(,比)(如)(水)(厂)(旁)(的)(化)(工)(厂)(。是)(时)(候)(关)(心)(你)(所)(在)(城)(市)(的)(环)(境)(问)(题)(了)(,兰)(州)(苯)(超)(标)(的)(自)(来)(水)(,与)(你)(家)(水)(龙)(头)(的)(距)(离)(,也)(许)(只)(有)(一)(个)(输)(油)(管)(道)(的)(距)(离)(。
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